Roy Jenkins Birthday, Date of Birth

Roy Jenkins

Roy Harris Jenkins, Baron Jenkins of Hillhead, (11 November 1920 – 5 January 2003) was a British politician who served as President of the European Commission from 1977 to 1981. At various times a Member of Parliament (MP) for the Labour Party, Social Democratic Party (SDP) and the Liberal Democrats, he was Chancellor of the Exchequer and Home Secretary under the Wilson and Callaghan Governments.

The son of Arthur Jenkins, a coal-miner and Labour MP, Jenkins was educated at the University of Oxford and served as an intelligence officer during the Second World War. Initially elected as MP for Southwark Central in 1948, he moved to become MP for Birmingham Stechford in 1950. On the election of Harold Wilson after the 1964 election, Jenkins was appointed Minister of Aviation. A year later, he was promoted to the Cabinet to become Home Secretary. In this role, Jenkins embarked on a major reform programme; he sought to build what he described as "a civilised society", overseeing measures such as the effective abolition in Britain of both capital punishment and theatre censorship, the partial decriminalisation of homosexuality, relaxing of divorce law, suspension of birching and the liberalisation of abortion law.

After the devaluation crisis in November 1967, Jenkins replaced James Callaghan as Chancellor of the Exchequer. Throughout his time at the Treasury, Jenkins oversaw a tight fiscal policy in an attempt to control inflation, and oversaw a particularly tough Budget in 1968 which saw major tax rises. As a result of this, the Government's current account entered a surplus in 1969. After Labour unexpectedly lost the 1970 election, Jenkins was elected as Deputy Leader of the Labour Party in 1970. He resigned from the position in 1972 after the Labour Party decided to oppose Britain's entry to the European Communities, which he strongly supported. When Labour returned to power following the 1974 election, Wilson appointed Jenkins as Home Secretary for the second time. Two years later, when Wilson resigned as Prime Minister, Jenkins stood in the leadership election to succeed him, finishing third behind Michael Foot and the winner James Callaghan. He subsequently chose to resign from Parliament and leave British politics, to accept appointment as the first ever British President of the European Commission, a role he took up in January 1977.

After completing his term at the Commission in 1981, Jenkins announced a surprise return to British politics; dismayed with the Labour Party's move further left movement under the leadership of Michael Foot, he became one of the "Gang of Four", senior Labour figures who broke away from the party and founded the SDP. In 1982, Jenkins won a by-election to return to Parliament as MP for Glasgow Hillhead, taking the seat from the Conservatives in a famous result. He became leader of the SDP ahead of the 1983 election, during which he formed an electoral alliance with the Liberal Party. After his disappointment with the performance of the SDP in the election, he resigned as leader. He subsequently lost his seat in Parliament at the 1987 election, and accepted a life peerage shortly afterwards; he sat in the House of Lords as a Liberal Democrat.

He was later elected to succeed former Prime Minister Harold Macmillan as Chancellor of the University of Oxford following the latter's death; he would hold this position until his own death sixteen years later. In the late 1990s, he served as a close adviser to Prime Minister Tony Blair and chaired a major commission on electoral reform. In addition to his political career, he was also a noted historian, biographer and writer. His A Life at the Centre (1991) is regarded as one of the best autobiographies of the later twentieth century, which "will be read with pleasure long after most examples of the genre have been forgotten". Jenkins died in 2003, aged 82.

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Birthday, Date of Birth
Thursday, November 11, 1920
Place of Birth
Monmouthshire
Age
100
Star Sign

The November 11, 1920 was a Thursday under the star sign of . It was the 315 day of the year. President of the United States was Woodrow Wilson.

If you were born on this day, you are 100 years old. Your last birthday was on the Wednesday, November 11, 2020, 213 days ago. Your next birthday is on Thursday, November 11, 2021, in 151 days. You have lived for 36,738 days, or about 881,730 hours, or about 52,903,812 minutes, or about seconds.

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11th of November 1920 News

News as it appeared on the front page of the New York Times on November 11, 1920

WAR WORK SHOCKS BRITISH CHEMISTS; Prof. Soddy's Refusal of a Government Invitation Stirsa Controversy.RESEARCH ON POISON GASWar Office Defends Step--Maurice Hears of NewAmerican Shell.

Date: 11 November 1920

Copyright, 1920, by The New York Times Company. Special Cable to THE NEW YORK TIMES

refuses invitation from British War Office to become member of com for chemical warfare and research; refusal stirs controversy

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ARMISTICE RIOT IN BELFAST.; Sinn Feiners Attack Parade of Shipyard Workers.

Date: 12 November 1920

Armistice Day riot

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IRISH HOME RULE PASSES COMMONS ON THIRD READING; Labor Leader's Motion for Rejection Is Defeated by 183Votes to 52.PLEAS FOR RECONCILIATIONPremier Says That Ireland's Inheritance Is the Sameas England's.PRAYS HER NOT TO LOSE IT"It May Be an Irish Soldier We Buried Today," He Declareswith Emotion.

Date: 12 November 1920

Copyright, 1920, by The New York Times Company. Special Cable to THE NEW YORK TIMES

receives communication on threatened reprisals against Englishmen in U S made by Amalgamated Irish Socs of America

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NEAR EAST WORKERS REMAIN AT POSTS; All in Armenia Decided to Stay When Invasion by Turkish Nationalists Began. COL. COOMBS HEARD FROM Wires to Constantinople of His Detention at Samsoun--Six MoreWorkers Sail from Here.

Date: 11 November 1920

Louisville

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CHALLENGES FORD TO JEWISH INQUIRY; Editor of American Hebrew Demands Proof That Race Aims to Rule the World.BRANDS CHARGES AS LIES Offers to Furnish Detectives and to Publish Findings ofInvestigation.

Date: 12 November 1920

challenges H Ford, demanding proof that Jews aim to rule the world

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ADRIATIC DISPUTE REPORTED SETTLED; FIUME TO BE FREE; Italy Grants Boundary Rectifications, but Keeps Contactwith the City.NEW FRONTIER IS FIXEDFormal Agreement on Zara and Islands, Asked by Italy, IsPut Over Until Today. BOTH SIDES CONCILIATORY Italians Satisfied with Military Possibilities of New Line--GiolittiGoes to the Conference. Reports Frontier Agreed Upon. Claims Presented by Italy. ADRIATIC DISPUTE REPORTED SETTLED WILSON WON'T INTERFERE. FIUME LONG STORM CENTRE.

Date: 11 November 1920

Disputed Adriatic territory

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Date:

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