Augusto Pinochet Birthday, Date of Birth

Augusto Pinochet

Augusto José Ramón Pinochet Ugarte (, also US: , UK: , Spanish: [awˈɣusto pinoˈ(t)ʃe(t)]; 25 November 1915 – 10 December 2006) was a Chilean Army General, politician and military dictator who ruled Chile from 1973 to 1990, first as the leader of the Military Junta of Chile from 1973 to 1981, being self-declared President of the Republic by the junta in 1974 and becoming the de facto dictator of Chile, and after from 1981 to 1990 as de jure President after a new Constitution, which confirmed him in the office, was approved by a referendum in 1980.

Augusto Pinochet rose through the ranks of the Chilean Army to become General Chief of Staff in early 1972 before being appointed its Commander-in-Chief on 23 August 1973 by President Salvador Allende. On 11 September 1973, Pinochet seized power in Chile in a coup d'état, with the support of the U.S., that toppled Allende's democratically elected Unidad Popular government and ended civilian rule. In December 1974, the ruling military junta appointed Pinochet Supreme Head of the nation by joint decree, although without the support of one of the coup's instigators, Air Force General Gustavo Leigh. After his rise to power, Pinochet persecuted leftists, socialists, and political critics, resulting in the executions of from 1,200 to 3,200 people, the internment of as many as 80,000 people, and the torture of tens of thousands. According to the Chilean government, the number of executions and forced disappearances was 3,095. Operation Condor was founded at the behest of the Pinochet regime in late November 1975, his 60th birthday.

Under the influence of the free market-oriented "Chicago Boys", Pinochet's military government implemented economic liberalization, including currency stabilization, removed tariff protections for local industry, banned trade unions, and privatized social security and hundreds of state-owned enterprises. Some of the government properties were sold below market price to politically connected buyers, including Pinochet's own son-in-law. The regime used censorship of entertainment as a way to reward supporters of the regime and punish opponents. These policies produced high economic growth, but critics state that economic inequality dramatically increased and attribute the devastating effects of the 1982 monetary crisis on the Chilean economy to these policies. For most of the 1990s, Chile was the best-performing economy in Latin America, though the legacy of Pinochet's reforms continues to be in dispute. His fortune grew considerably during his years in power through dozens of bank accounts secretly held abroad and a fortune in real estate. He was later prosecuted for embezzlement, tax fraud, and for possible commissions levied on arms deals.

Pinochet's 17-year rule was given a legal framework through a controversial 1980 plebiscite, which approved a new constitution drafted by a government-appointed commission. In a 1988 plebiscite, 56% voted against Pinochet's continuing as president, which led to democratic elections for the presidency and Congress. After stepping down in 1990, Pinochet continued to serve as Commander-in-Chief of the Chilean Army until 10 March 1998, when he retired and became a senator-for-life in accordance with his 1980 Constitution. However, Pinochet was arrested under an international arrest warrant on a visit to London on 10 October 1998 in connection with numerous human rights violations. Following a legal battle, he was released on grounds of ill-health and returned to Chile on 3 March 2000. In 2004, Chilean Judge Juan Guzmán Tapia ruled that Pinochet was medically fit to stand trial and placed him under house arrest. By the time of his death on 10 December 2006, about 300 criminal charges were still pending against him in Chile for numerous human rights violations during his 17-year rule, as well as tax evasion and embezzlement during and after his rule. He was also accused of having corruptly amassed at least US$28 million.

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Birthday, Date of Birth
Thursday, November 25, 1915
Place of Birth
Valparaíso
Age
106
Star Sign

The November 25, 1915 was a Thursday under the star sign of . It was the 328 day of the year. President of the United States was Woodrow Wilson.

If you were born on this day, you are 106 years old. Your last birthday was on the Thursday, November 25, 2021, 4 days ago. Your next birthday is on Friday, November 25, 2022, in 360 days. You have lived for 38,721 days, or about 929,312 hours, or about 55,758,739 minutes, or about seconds.

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25th of November 1915 News

News as it appeared on the front page of the New York Times on November 25, 1915

Gorizia Reported Taken by Italians After a Campaign of Four Months

Date: 26 November 1915

Special Cable to THE NEW YORK TIMES

Full Article

GERMAN PENSION SYSTEM.; Widow of a Private Soldier Now Gets $100 a Year.

Date: 26 November 1915

is prisoner in Russia, career

Full Article

BRITISH TAKE OVER GIANT DUTCH LINER.; Paid $5,000,000 for the Statendam, Building at Belfast, Says Officer from London. FOR DARDANELLES SERVICE New White Star Ship, Britannic, Expected to Leave Yards for Hospital Work at Once.

Date: 26 November 1915

Govt. takes over S. S. Statendam and Britannica for hospital service to the Dardanelles

Full Article

ASSAILS FRENCH SOCIALISTS; Reichstag Leader Says Their Aim Is Annexation of Territory.

Date: 26 November 1915

assails annexationist aims of French socialists in German Reichstag

Full Article

THE IDIOTIC CENSORSHIP'; Sydney Brooks Blames It for Failure of Allies' Loan in Chicago.

Date: 26 November 1915

Special to The New York Times

S. Brooks blames idiotic British censorship for failure of allied loan in Chicago

Full Article

SEEKS TO ENJOIN THE MORRIS PLAN; David Stein of Newport News, Va., Claims to Have Originated Its System of Loans. WANTS A SHARE OF PROFITS New York Branch, Which Is Defendant, Lends Small Sums on Character of the Borrower.

Date: 26 November 1915

Full Article

MISSING BRITISH CREW SAFE; Men from the Tara, Sunk by a Submarine, Seen on Tripoli Border.

Date: 26 November 1915

crew of British S. S. Tara seen on Tripoli border

Full Article

SHOT WOMAN FOR DEER.; Maine Hunter Absolved by Victim as She Lay Dying.

Date: 26 November 1915

Bartlett, Mrs. Reuben, killed, was mistaken for a deer

Full Article

Article 4 -- No Title

Date: 26 November 1915

statement with regard to Lady Paget by F. H. Markoe

Full Article

RUSSIAN TROOPS EMBARK; Reni Harbor Filled with Boats and Danube Traffic to Galatz Suspended. KUROPATKIN TO COMMAND 17,400 Serbs and 25 Guns Taken When Mitrovitza and Pristina Were Occupied. GERMANS MAY BE IN PRILEP Gallwitz's Army Hurrying South to Join Bulgars in Attack on British and French.

Date: 26 November 1915

Special Cable to THE NEW YORK TIMES

sends telegram to Premier Pashitch promising Serbia that Russian troops will invade Bulgaria in a week

Full Article

Date:

Full Article

Gorizia Reported Taken by Italians After a Campaign of Four Months

Date: 26 November 1915

Special Cable to THE NEW YORK TIMES

Full Article

GERMAN PENSION SYSTEM.; Widow of a Private Soldier Now Gets $100 a Year.

Date: 26 November 1915

is prisoner in Russia, career

Full Article

BRITISH TAKE OVER GIANT DUTCH LINER.; Paid $5,000,000 for the Statendam, Building at Belfast, Says Officer from London. FOR DARDANELLES SERVICE New White Star Ship, Britannic, Expected to Leave Yards for Hospital Work at Once.

Date: 26 November 1915

Govt. takes over S. S. Statendam and Britannica for hospital service to the Dardanelles

Full Article

ASSAILS FRENCH SOCIALISTS; Reichstag Leader Says Their Aim Is Annexation of Territory.

Date: 26 November 1915

assails annexationist aims of French socialists in German Reichstag

Full Article

THE IDIOTIC CENSORSHIP'; Sydney Brooks Blames It for Failure of Allies' Loan in Chicago.

Date: 26 November 1915

Special to The New York Times

S. Brooks blames idiotic British censorship for failure of allied loan in Chicago

Full Article

SEEKS TO ENJOIN THE MORRIS PLAN; David Stein of Newport News, Va., Claims to Have Originated Its System of Loans. WANTS A SHARE OF PROFITS New York Branch, Which Is Defendant, Lends Small Sums on Character of the Borrower.

Date: 26 November 1915

Full Article

MISSING BRITISH CREW SAFE; Men from the Tara, Sunk by a Submarine, Seen on Tripoli Border.

Date: 26 November 1915

crew of British S. S. Tara seen on Tripoli border

Full Article

SHOT WOMAN FOR DEER.; Maine Hunter Absolved by Victim as She Lay Dying.

Date: 26 November 1915

Bartlett, Mrs. Reuben, killed, was mistaken for a deer

Full Article

Article 4 -- No Title

Date: 26 November 1915

statement with regard to Lady Paget by F. H. Markoe

Full Article

RUSSIAN TROOPS EMBARK; Reni Harbor Filled with Boats and Danube Traffic to Galatz Suspended. KUROPATKIN TO COMMAND 17,400 Serbs and 25 Guns Taken When Mitrovitza and Pristina Were Occupied. GERMANS MAY BE IN PRILEP Gallwitz's Army Hurrying South to Join Bulgars in Attack on British and French.

Date: 26 November 1915

Special Cable to THE NEW YORK TIMES

sends telegram to Premier Pashitch promising Serbia that Russian troops will invade Bulgaria in a week

Full Article