János Pilinszky Birthday, Date of Birth

János Pilinszky

János Pilinszky (25 November 1921 in Budapest – 27 May 1981 in Budapest) was one of the greatest Hungarian poets of the 20th century.

Well known within the Hungarian borders for his vast influence on postwar Hungarian poetry, Pilinszky’s style includes a juxtaposition of Roman Catholic faith and intellectual disenchantment. His poetry often focuses on the underlying sensations of life and death; his time as a prisoner of war during the Second World War and later his life under the communist dictatorship furthered his isolation and estrangement.

Born in a family of intellectuals in 1921, Pilinszky went on to study Hungarian literature, law, and art history at Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest, in 1938. Although he failed to complete his studies, it was during this same year that his first works of poetry were published in several varying literary journals. In 1944 he was drafted into the army; his unit being ordered to follow the retreating German allies, he arrived at Harbach, a small village in Germany, after a march of several weeks. Adrift in Germany, he witnessed several camps before he could return to Hungary after the end of the war, most notably the Ravensbrück concentration camp. What he saw in the camps was an experience he never forgot and later commemorated in a great number of poems, most notably, KZ-oratórium ("KZ oratory"), Ravensbrücki passió ("Passion of Ravensbrück"), Harbach 1944, etc.

Following the publication of his first body of work in 1946, Trapéz és korlát ("Trapeze and Bars"), he was awarded the Baumgarten Prize in 1947. While Trapéz és korlát consists of only 18 poems, it established Pilinszky as a major poetic force in Hungary.

His next publication, 1959’s Harmadnapon ("On the third day"), was not released for over 10 years as a result of his being labeled “pessimistic” by the ruling Hungarian Communist Party in the 1950s. Harmadnapon contains his poem Apokrif ("Apocrypha"), considered his chef-d'oeuvre, which many see as one of the highest peaks of Hungarian poetry. The poem has the return of the prodigal son to his parents in its center, and summarises Pilinszky's poetic world from his experiences in the lagers to his alienation and the painful absence of God from the world.

From 1960 to 1970, he traveled the United States and Europe taking part in several poetry readings. In 1971 he was awarded the József Attila Prize for his collection entitled Nagyvárosi ikonok ("Metropolitan Icons"). His monumental and visionary poems gave way to short, epigrammatic verses over time. 1972 saw the publication of Szálkák ("Splinters"), followed by Végkifejlet ("Dénouement") in 1974. His last collection, Kráter ("Crater") was published in 1975, containing both new poems and the majority of his rather short, but extremely substantial and concise oeuvre rearranged in cycles. He was awarded the Kossuth Prize in 1980 before returning to Budapest where he died of a heart attack in 1981.

Pilinszky lead a very reserved private life. Eventually, he married a French woman, Ingrid Ficheux, 11 months before his death.

His poems were translated into several languages; most notably, his English translator was Ted Hughes (in collaboration with János Csokits), while most French translations were made by his friend Pierre Emmanuel.

 Read more...
 
Birthday, Date of Birth
Sunday, November 27, 1921
Place of Birth
Budapest
Age
99
Star Sign

The November 27, 1921 was a Sunday under the star sign of . It was the 330 day of the year. President of the United States was Warren G. Harding.

If you were born on this day, you are 99 years old. Your last birthday was on the Friday, November 27, 2020, 96 days ago. Your next birthday is on Saturday, November 27, 2021, in 268 days. You have lived for 36,256 days, or about 870,165 hours, or about 52,209,946 minutes, or about seconds.

Some people who share this birthday:

  • Jimi Hendrix (soldier, singer, singer-songwriter, musician, guitarist, record producer, composer, vocalist, born November 27, 1942)
  • Anders Celsius (inventor, astronomer, mathematician, physicist, university teacher, born November 27, 1701)
  • Stephen Jay Gould (writer, philosopher, historian, university teacher, paleontologist, evolutionary biologist, born November 27, 1941)
  • Alexander Dubček (politician, diplomat, born November 27, 1921)
  • Bruce Lee (screenwriter, writer, philosopher, film director, actor, film actor, television actor, film producer, martial artist, stunt performer, stunt coordinator, born November 27, 1940)
  • Yulia Tymoshenko (politician, economist, businessperson, entrepreneur, born November 27, 1960)
  • Laurent-Désiré Kabila (politician, born November 27, 1939)
  • Chaim Weizmann (politician, autobiographer, university teacher, chemist, pedagogue, born November 27, 1874)
  • Tokugawa Yoshimune (samurai, born November 27, 1684)
  • Juho Kusti Paasikivi (politician, lawyer, diplomat, banker, born November 27, 1870)
  • Georg Forster (writer, librarian, translator, journalist, university teacher, biologist, ornithologist, botanist, mycologist, entomologist, anthropologist, explorer, pteridologist, revolutionary, ethnologist, born November 27, 1754)
  • Radek Štěpánek (tennis player, born November 27, 1978)
  • Henri de Saussure (zoologist, entomologist, born November 27, 1829)
  • Charles Scott Sherrington (physician, university teacher, neurologist, pathologist, born November 27, 1857)
  • Lars Onsager (engineer, physicist, professor, chemist, theoretical physicist, born November 27, 1903)
  • Bronzino (painter, born November 17, 1503)
  • Benigno Aquino Jr. (politician, journalist, born November 27, 1932)
  • Tetsuya Komuro (singer, singer-songwriter, guitarist, record producer, composer, keyboardist, music arranger, born November 27, 1958)
  • Kathryn Bigelow (screenwriter, writer, film director, film producer, born November 27, 1951)
  • Françoise d'Aubigné, Marquise de Maintenon (salonnière, lady-in-waiting, correspondent, born November 27, 1635)
  • Diederich Franz Leonhard von Schlechtendal (university teacher, botanist, mycologist, entomologist, pteridologist, born November 27, 1794)
  • Lyon Sprague de Camp (military officer, novelist, science fiction writer, writer, essayist, historian, journalist, literary critic, born November 27, 1907)
  • Roberto Mancini (association football player, association football manager, born November 27, 1964)
  • Charles Koechlin (writer, musician, composer, music pedagogue, musicologist, born November 27, 1867)
  • Randy Brecker (composer, jazz musician, trumpeter, born November 27, 1945)
  • Boris Grebenshchikov (writer, poet, mathematician, singer, guitarist, record producer, actor, composer, journalist, radio personality, film score composer, producer, lyricist, publisher, keyboardist, presenter, multi-instrumentalist, rock musician, born November 27, 1953)
  • Twista (singer, record producer, composer, rapper, born November 27, 1973)
  • Konosuke Matsushita (politician, engineer, inventor, businessperson, entrepreneur, industrialist, born November 27, 1894)
  • Liviu Rebreanu (playwright, writer, journalist, born November 27, 1885)
  • Harivansh Rai Bachchan (politician, writer, poet, born November 27, 1907)
  • Santiago Giraldo (tennis player, born November 27, 1987)
  • Ismail Omar Guelleh (politician, born November 27, 1947)
  • Helmut Lachenmann (musician, composer, university teacher, born November 27, 1935)
  • Andries Wilhelmus Jacobus Pretorius (explorer, born November 27, 1798)
  • Lu You (poet, born November 20, 1125)
  • James Agee (screenwriter, novelist, writer, autobiographer, poet, journalist, film critic, critic, born November 27, 1909)
  • Robert Robert Livingston (lawyer, diplomat, judge, born November 27, 1746)
  • João Cunha e Silva (tennis player, born November 27, 1967)
  • Viktor Kaplan (engineer, inventor, university teacher, academic, mechanical engineer, born November 27, 1876)
  • Caroline Kennedy (politician, writer, lawyer, diplomat, journalist, socialite, born November 27, 1957)
  • Tsuguharu Foujita (painter, artist, printmaker, born November 27, 1886)
  • Princess Mary Adelaide of Cambridge (aristocrat, born November 27, 1833)
  • Davey Boy Smith (professional wrestler, born November 27, 1962)
  • Bappi Lahiri (singer, film director, actor, composer, producer, born November 27, 1952)
  • Ivars Godmanis (politician, born November 27, 1951)
  • Aimé Jacquet (association football player, association football manager, born November 27, 1941)
  • Claude Lanzmann (screenwriter, writer, film director, journalist, French Resistance fighter, born November 27, 1925)
  • William Fichtner (actor, film actor, television actor, voice actor, character actor, born November 27, 1956)
  • James Avery (screenwriter, poet, film actor, television actor, voice actor, born November 27, 1945)
  • Giovanni Giorgi (engineer, physicist, born November 27, 1871)
  • Tadanobu Asano (singer, film director, musician, guitarist, film actor, model, born November 27, 1973)
  • Raffaella Reggi (journalist, tennis player, born November 27, 1965)
  • Pedro Salinas (writer, poet, translator, university teacher, linguist, born November 27, 1891)
  • Manolo Blahnik (fashion designer, born November 27, 1942)
  • Aleksandr Kerzhakov (association football player, born November 27, 1982)
  • Tim Pawlenty (politician, lawyer, born November 27, 1960)
  • Laura Golarsa (journalist, tennis player, born November 27, 1967)
  • Satoru Sayama (professional wrestler, mixed martial artist, born November 27, 1957)
  • Olha Kobylianska (writer, feminist, born November 27, 1863)
  • Sanna Nielsen (singer, born November 27, 1984)
  • Bruno Alves (association football player, born November 27, 1981)
  • Abe Lenstra (association football player, born November 27, 1920)
  • Barbara Palmer, 1st Duchess of Cleveland (Lady of the Bedchamber, born November 27, 1640)
  • Masaharu Homma (military personnel, born November 27, 1887)
  • Michel Portal (musician, composer, film score composer, jazz musician, saxophonist, born November 27, 1935)
  • Rachida Dati (politician, born November 27, 1965)
  • Jil Sander (fashion designer, born November 27, 1943)
  • Eddie Rabbitt (singer, singer-songwriter, musician, composer, born November 27, 1941)
  • Borys Paton (politician, engineer, inventor, metallurgist, born November 27, 1918)
  • Iván Rodríguez (baseball player, born November 27, 1971)
  • Sheikh Fazlollah Noori (politician, born November 27, 1843)
  • Vito Genovese (drug trafficker, born November 27, 1897)
  • Michael Vartan (actor, film actor, television actor, born November 27, 1968)
  • Joel Lehtonen (writer, poet, translator, journalist, linguist, born November 27, 1881)
  • Dražen Dalipagić (basketball player, born November 27, 1951)
  • János Pilinszky (playwright, screenwriter, writer, poet, translator, born November 27, 1921)
  • Kasey Keller (association football player, born November 27, 1969)
  • Hilary Hahn (musician, violinist, born November 27, 1979)
  • Henry Augustus Rowland (physicist, university teacher, born November 27, 1848)
  • Lewis A. Coser (university teacher, sociologist, born November 27, 1913)
  • Yamauchi Toyoshige (samurai, born November 27, 1827)
  • Adam Shankman (film director, actor, film actor, film producer, dancer, choreographer, television director, born November 27, 1964)
  • Pierre-Paul Grassé (zoologist, university teacher, botanist, born November 27, 1895)
  • Nicolae Manolescu (politician, diplomat, journalist, literary critic, literary historian, born November 27, 1939)
  • Grigore Antipa (zoologist, biologist, ichthyologist, born November 27, 1867)
  • Erasme Louis Surlet de Chokier (politician, born November 27, 1769)
  • Stanisław Skalski (military officer, writer, flying ace, born November 27, 1915)
  • Daryl Stuermer (guitarist, songwriter, jazz musician, jazz guitarist, born November 27, 1952)
  • Rafael de Sobremonte, 3rd Marquis of Sobremonte (politician, military personnel, born November 27, 1754)
  • Nikolay Mikhaylovsky (philosopher, sociologist, literary critic, opinion journalist, born November 27, 1842)

27th of November 1921 News

News as it appeared on the front page of the New York Times on November 27, 1921

FRANCE BELIEVES GERMANY CAN PAY; Findings of the Reparations Commission and the Grounds for Them. HOME LOAN IS POSSIBLE No Crisis in French Finance, Even If Germany Should Default on Payment.

Date: 28 November 1921

Copyright, 1921, by The New York Times Company. Special Cable to THE NEW YORK TIMES

Findings of Reparation Comm show Germany could pay; domestic loan advocated

Full Article

FINANCIAL MARKETS; Last Week on the Stock Exchange, in Bond Tradingand in Commodities.

Date: 28 November 1921

Full Article

GERMAN PRICES GO HIGHER.; Violent Advance In City Bonds-- Commodities Also Advancing.

Date: 28 November 1921

Copyright, 1921, by The New York Times Company. Special Cable to THE NEW YORK TIMES

Full Article

News of the Conference as Reported to Europe; DOUBTS CONFERENCE WILL BE ENLARGED It Has Hard Job Catching Up With Program As It Is, French Observer Says. MAIN ISSUES HANG FIRE Time Come for Delegates to Confer With Their Home Governments Before Proceeding Further. As to Broadening Conference. Want to Consult Governments.

Date: 28 November 1921

By MARCEL RAY. Dispatch to the Petit Journal of Paris

Marcel RAY

Paris Petit Journal by Marcel Ray

Full Article

WASHINGTON RUMOR ROUSES PARIS PRESS; Idea That Germany May Be Invited to Conference Excitesthe Nationalists.BRITISH INTRIGUE SEENUnited States Criticised for Interfering in Europe WithoutTaking Responsibility.

Date: 28 November 1921

Copyright, 1921, by The New York Times Company Special Cable to THE NEW YORK TIMES

comments on rumor that Germany may be invited to arms conference

Full Article

THE COMING OF LLOYD GEORGE.

Date: 28 November 1921

Results to date

Full Article

May Bring Muffs Back In Style.

Date: 27 November 1921

Full Article

SCREEN; AN EXHIBITOR SPEAKS

Date: 27 November 1921

Full Article

GAME'S COLOR FAST DESPITE DOWNPOUR; Although Rain Dims Radiance, It Fails to Rob Contest of Status as Spectacle. CROWD OF 45,000 ON HAND Battle of Service Elevens Draws to Brush Stadium Throng of Of ficers of Army and Navy.

Date: 27 November 1921

Full Article

SPANISH REDS FIND BACKING IN GERMANY; Alleged Assassins of Dato, Arrested in Berlin, May NotBe Extradited. HEINRICH BRANDLER FREE Communist Who Helped Start MarchUprising Reported as HavingEscaped to Moscow.

Date: 27 November 1921

H Brandler, sentenced to prison at Galinow for communist uprising, escapes to Russia

Full Article

Date:

Full Article