Patrick Lloyd McCrory (born October 17, 1956) is an American businessman, politician, and radio host who served as the 74th Governor of North Carolina from January 2013 to January 1, 2017. He served as the 53rd Mayor of Charlotte from 1995 to 2009, and was appointed by President George W. Bush to the United States Homeland Security Advisory Council from 2002 to 2006.
McCrory was the Republican nominee for Governor of North Carolina in the 2008 general election and was defeated by Lieutenant Governor Bev Perdue, the Democratic nominee. After the 2008 election loss, McCrory returned to the private sector. On January 31, 2012, he launched his second campaign for North Carolina Governor, winning the election later that year. McCrory became the first Mayor of Charlotte to win the state's highest office, as well as the first Republican North Carolina Governor since 1993.
In 2013, McCrory signed a repeal of the Racial Justice Act of 2009, which allowed the use of broad statistics as evidence of racial bias during the appeal of a death sentence. In 2016, McCrory came to national attention after signing the Public Facilities Privacy & Security Act ("HB2"). Among other provisions, HB2 prevents local governing bodies from establishing their own anti-discrimination statutes, and declared that in government buildings, individuals may use only the restrooms that correspond to the sex on their birth certificates, preventing transgender people who do not alter their birth certificates from using the restroom consistent with their gender identity. The United States Department of Justice, in addition to several private citizens, filed lawsuits against McCrory and the state. The Justice Department said that North Carolina was in violation of federal civil rights laws. Separately, McCrory filed suit against the federal government, asking a court to find the state law constitutional.
In 2016, McCrory lost his reelection campaign to Democrat Roy Cooper, the North Carolina Attorney General. Commentators attributed his loss to his support of HB2. Over 100 corporations voiced their opposition to HB2, notably to the elements that limited protections to LGBT individuals. Economists have estimated that HB2 negatively impacted GDP in the state of North Carolina by an amount between $450 and $630 million dollars, along with over a thousand new jobs. On election night, the race was too close to call; McCrory trailed Cooper by about 5000 votes, with tens of thousands of absentee and provisional ballots remaining to be counted. The McCrory campaign filed election protests alleging that voter fraud helped Cooper in 50 counties. On December 5, 2016, McCrory conceded the race to Cooper. In a later speech at a Republican Party convention in 2017, McCrory went on to blame, without evidence, his loss on "the non-citizen vote". In 2018, he falsely claimed that many out-of-state students illegally voted in the 2016 election. Read more...