Roy Jenkins Birthday, Date of Birth

Roy Jenkins

Roy Harris Jenkins, Baron Jenkins of Hillhead, (11 November 1920 – 5 January 2003), was a British Labour Party, SDP and Liberal Democrat politician, and biographer of British political leaders.

The son of a Welsh coal-miner and trade unionist (later a Labour MP and government minister), Roy Jenkins was educated at the University of Oxford and served as an intelligence officer in the Second World War. Elected to Parliament as a Labour MP in 1948, he went on to serve in two major posts in Harold Wilson's first government. As Home Secretary from 1965 to 1967, he sought to build what he described as "a civilised society", with measures such as the effective abolition in Britain of both capital punishment and theatre censorship, the decriminalisation of homosexuality, relaxing of divorce law, suspension of birching and the liberalisation of abortion law. As Chancellor of the Exchequer between 1967 and 1970, he pursued a tight fiscal policy. He was elected Deputy Leader of the Labour Party on 8 July 1970, but resigned in 1972 because he supported entry to the European Communities, while the party opposed it.

When Wilson re-entered government in 1974, Jenkins returned to the Home Office. However, increasingly disenchanted by the leftward swing of the Labour Party, he chose to leave British politics in 1976; the following year he was appointed President of the European Commission, serving until 1981. He was the first British holder of this office, and is likely to be the only such (considering the United Kingdom's decision in June 2016 to leave the European Union). He returned to British politics in 1981; still dismayed with the Labour Party's leftward swing under Michael Foot, he was one of the "Gang of Four"—centrist Labour MPs who formed the Social Democratic Party (SDP). In 1982, Jenkins won a famous by-election in a Conservative seat and returned to parliament; he was "Prime Minister Designate" of the SDP-Liberal Alliance in the 1983 general election. However, after disappointment with the performance of the SDP, he resigned as its leader.

In 1987, he was elected to succeed Harold Macmillan as Chancellor of the University of Oxford following the latter's death; he held this position until his own death sixteen years later. A few months after becoming Chancellor, he was defeated in his Hillhead constituency by the Labour candidate, George Galloway. Jenkins accepted a life peerage and sat as a Liberal Democrat. In the late 1990s, he was an adviser to Tony Blair and chaired the Jenkins Commission on electoral reform. Jenkins died in 2003, aged 82.

In addition to his political career, he was also a noted historian, biographer and writer. His A Life at the Centre (1991) is regarded as one of the best autobiographies of the later 20th century, which "will be read with pleasure long after most examples of the genre have been forgotten".

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Birthday, Date of Birth
Thursday, November 11, 1920
Place of Birth
Monmouthshire
Age
100
Star Sign

The November 11, 1920 was a Thursday under the star sign of . It was the 315 day of the year. President of the United States was Woodrow Wilson.

If you were born on this day, you are 100 years old. Your last birthday was on the Wednesday, November 11, 2020, 116 days ago. Your next birthday is on Thursday, November 11, 2021, in 248 days. You have lived for 36,641 days, or about 879,393 hours, or about 52,763,599 minutes, or about seconds.

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11th of November 1920 News

News as it appeared on the front page of the New York Times on November 11, 1920

WAR WORK SHOCKS BRITISH CHEMISTS; Prof. Soddy's Refusal of a Government Invitation Stirsa Controversy.RESEARCH ON POISON GASWar Office Defends Step--Maurice Hears of NewAmerican Shell.

Date: 11 November 1920

Copyright, 1920, by The New York Times Company. Special Cable to THE NEW YORK TIMES

refuses invitation from British War Office to become member of com for chemical warfare and research; refusal stirs controversy

Full Article

ARMISTICE RIOT IN BELFAST.; Sinn Feiners Attack Parade of Shipyard Workers.

Date: 12 November 1920

Armistice Day riot

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IRISH HOME RULE PASSES COMMONS ON THIRD READING; Labor Leader's Motion for Rejection Is Defeated by 183Votes to 52.PLEAS FOR RECONCILIATIONPremier Says That Ireland's Inheritance Is the Sameas England's.PRAYS HER NOT TO LOSE IT"It May Be an Irish Soldier We Buried Today," He Declareswith Emotion.

Date: 12 November 1920

Copyright, 1920, by The New York Times Company. Special Cable to THE NEW YORK TIMES

receives communication on threatened reprisals against Englishmen in U S made by Amalgamated Irish Socs of America

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NEAR EAST WORKERS REMAIN AT POSTS; All in Armenia Decided to Stay When Invasion by Turkish Nationalists Began. COL. COOMBS HEARD FROM Wires to Constantinople of His Detention at Samsoun--Six MoreWorkers Sail from Here.

Date: 11 November 1920

Louisville

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CHALLENGES FORD TO JEWISH INQUIRY; Editor of American Hebrew Demands Proof That Race Aims to Rule the World.BRANDS CHARGES AS LIES Offers to Furnish Detectives and to Publish Findings ofInvestigation.

Date: 12 November 1920

challenges H Ford, demanding proof that Jews aim to rule the world

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ADRIATIC DISPUTE REPORTED SETTLED; FIUME TO BE FREE; Italy Grants Boundary Rectifications, but Keeps Contactwith the City.NEW FRONTIER IS FIXEDFormal Agreement on Zara and Islands, Asked by Italy, IsPut Over Until Today. BOTH SIDES CONCILIATORY Italians Satisfied with Military Possibilities of New Line--GiolittiGoes to the Conference. Reports Frontier Agreed Upon. Claims Presented by Italy. ADRIATIC DISPUTE REPORTED SETTLED WILSON WON'T INTERFERE. FIUME LONG STORM CENTRE.

Date: 11 November 1920

Disputed Adriatic territory

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Date:

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