Ian Smith Birthday, Date of Birth

Ian Smith

Ian Douglas Smith (8 April 1919 – 20 November 2007) was a politician, farmer, and fighter pilot who served as Prime Minister of Rhodesia (or Southern Rhodesia; today Zimbabwe) from 1964 to 1979. He was the country's first premier not born abroad, and led the predominantly white government that unilaterally declared independence from the United Kingdom in 1965, following prolonged dispute over the terms. He remained Prime Minister for almost all of the 14 years of international isolation that followed, and oversaw Rhodesia's security forces during most of the Bush War, which pitted the unrecognised administration against communist-backed black nationalist guerrilla groups. Smith, who has been described as personifying white Rhodesia, remains a highly controversial figure—supporters venerate him as a man of integrity and vision who understood the uncomfortable truths of Africa, while critics describe an unrepentant racist whose policies and actions caused the deaths of thousands and contributed to Zimbabwe's later crises.

Smith was born to British immigrants in Selukwe, a small town in the Southern Rhodesian Midlands, four years before the colony became self-governing in 1923. During the Second World War, he served as a Royal Air Force fighter pilot. A crash in Egypt caused debilitating facial and bodily wounds that remained conspicuous for the rest of his life; following rehabilitation, he served in Europe, where he was shot down and fought alongside Italian partisans. He set up a farm in his home town in 1948, and the same year, became Member of Parliament for Selukwe—at 29 years old, the country's youngest ever MP. Originally a Liberal, he defected to the United Federal Party in 1953, and served as Chief Whip from 1958 onwards. He left that party in 1961 in protest at the territory's new constitution, and in the following year helped Winston Field to form the all-white, firmly conservative Rhodesian Front, which called for independence without an immediate shift to majority rule.

Smith became Deputy Prime Minister following the Rhodesian Front's December 1962 election victory, and stepped up to the premiership after Field resigned in April 1964. With the UK government refusing to grant independence while Rhodesia did not devise a set timetable for the introduction of majority rule, talks with the UK Prime Minister Harold Wilson repeatedly broke down, leading Smith and his Cabinet to declare independence on 11 November 1965. His government endured in the face of United Nations economic sanctions with the assistance of South Africa and, until 1974, Portugal. Talks with the UK in 1966, 1968 and 1971 came to nothing. Smith declared Rhodesia a republic in 1970 and led the RF to three more decisive election victories over the next seven years. After the Bush War began in earnest in 1972, he negotiated with the non-militant nationalist leader Bishop Abel Muzorewa and the rival guerrilla movements headed by Joshua Nkomo and Robert Mugabe.

In 1978, Smith and non-militant nationalists including Muzorewa signed the Internal Settlement, under which the country became Zimbabwe Rhodesia in 1979. Mugabe and Nkomo continued fighting; no country recognised the settlement. Smith was part of Muzorewa's delegation that settled with the UK and the revolutionary guerrillas at Lancaster House, and, following Zimbabwe's recognised independence in 1980, he was Leader of the Opposition during Mugabe's first seven years in power. Smith was a stridently vocal critic of the Mugabe government both before and after his retirement from frontline politics in 1987; he dedicated much of his 1997 memoirs, The Great Betrayal, to condemning Mugabe and several UK politicians. As Mugabe's reputation thereafter plummeted amid Zimbabwe's economic ruin, reckoning of Smith and his legacy improved. Zimbabwean opposition supporters lauded the elderly Smith as an immovable symbol of resistance. He remained in Zimbabwe until 2005, when he moved to Cape Town, South Africa, for medical reasons. After his death two years later at the age of 88, his ashes were repatriated and scattered at his farm.

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Birthday, Date of Birth
Tuesday, April 8, 1919
Place of Birth
Age
102
Star Sign

The April 8, 1919 was a Tuesday under the star sign of . It was the 97 day of the year. President of the United States was Woodrow Wilson.

If you were born on this day, you are 102 years old. Your last birthday was on the Thursday, April 8, 2021, 6 days ago. Your next birthday is on Friday, April 8, 2022, in 358 days. You have lived for 37,262 days, or about 894,288 hours, or about 53,657,292 minutes, or about seconds.

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8th of April 1919 News

News as it appeared on the front page of the New York Times on April 8, 1919

HIGH TENSION IN COUNCIL; Results of Discussions of Reparations Discourage Hope of Agreement. AMERICANS ARE PESSIMISTIC Intimate Associate of Wilson Predicts Our Withdrawal Unless Obstructive Tactics End.REPARATION CRUCIAL POINTDifferences on This and Frontiers Reported Comparatively Slight, but Much Contested. Lloyd George Confined to Bed. Orlando Confers with House. Financial Terms Discussed. SAYS LLOYD GEORGE WAVERS. Distrust Expressed in London Times. of His Stand on Indemnity. PRESIDENT GAINS STEADILY. But Keeps His Bed Most of the Day --Hopes to be About Today.

Date: 08 April 1919

Has cold

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FINANCIAL MARKETS; Improved Foreign News Works to Stimulate Speculation for the Rise of Stocks.

Date: 08 April 1919

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CANADIANS TO QUIT SIBERIA.; Soldiers There to Embark This Month Rejoice at News.

Date: 09 April 1919

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SIMS SAILED ABROAD UNDER ASSUMED NAME; Tells of Secret Instructions Issued Before War Declaration--Took One Aid with Him. Went Under Assumed Names.

Date: 08 April 1919

praise by Rear Admiral Sims

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SENATE ORDERS $500,000 BRIBE OFFER INQUIRY; Thompson Names Tempter in Secret and Official Comes Here to Subpoena Him. INQUIRY TO BE SWEEPING Accuser Wins Concession from Committee and All Bribery Charges Will Be Sifted. VICTORY FOR FARE BILL Assembly Ignores Talk of Traction Corruption and Passes the Measure, 77 to 88. Subpoena for a Lobbyist. "Third House" Agitated. SENATE ORDERS BRIBE INQUIRY Former High Official Involved. Committee Resolution Satisfactory. Passage of Bill in Assembly Vote on 6-Cent Fare Bill.

Date: 09 April 1919

Special to The New York Times

bill passes Assembly; Sen orders inquiry of slush fund report; Thompson names tempter to Judiciary Com in secret; Sen Burlingame, Chairman, frames resolution for sifting all bribery charges

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Police and Fire News.

Date: 08 April 1919

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Odessa Reported Captured by Ukrainian Soviet Troops

Date: 09 April 1919

Odessa reported captured by Bolsheviki

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BAVARIA SPLIT BY RIVAL CLAIMS OF GOVERNMENTS; Soviet Republic Asserts Authority, While Premier HoffmannSets Up Nuremberg Regime.REDS SPURN EBERT RULEMuehlon Named as Foreign Minister in New List of People's Mandataries.CABINET MEMBERS GO OVERUnterleitner, Joining the Communists, Says He Expects Help from "Brethren" Here. Muehlon Among Soviet Chiefs. BAVARIA SPLIT BY RIVAL CLAIMS Break with Ebert Government. Old Government Transferred. Nuremberg Remains Calm.

Date: 08 April 1919

Provisional list of members

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ARMY ORDERS

Date: 08 April 1919

Bowie

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PEACE NEWS HELPS COTTON; Paris Reports Drive Prices Up from 25 to 75 Points.

Date: 08 April 1919

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