Philippe Leclerc de Hauteclocque Birthday, Date of Birth

Philippe Leclerc de Hauteclocque

Philippe François Marie Leclerc de Hauteclocque (French pronunciation: ​[filip ləklɛʁ də otklɔk]; 22 November 1902 – 28 November 1947) was a French general during the Second World War. He became Marshal of France posthumously in 1952, and is known in France simply as le maréchal Leclerc or just Leclerc.

The son of an aristocratic family, de Hauteclocque graduated from the École spéciale militaire de Saint-Cyr, the French military academy, in 1924. After service with the French Occupation of the Ruhr and in Morocco, he returned to Saint-Cyr as an instructor. He was awarded the croix de guerre des théâtres d'opérations extérieures for leading goumiers in an attack on caves and ravines on Bou Amdoun on 11 August 1933. During the Second World War he fought in the Battle of France. He then became one of the first to make his way to Britain to fight with the Free French under General Charles de Gaulle, adopting the nom de guerre of Leclerc so that his wife and children would not be put at risk if his name appeared in the papers. He was sent to French Equatorial Africa, where he rallied local leaders to the Free French cause, and led a force against Gabon, whose leaders supported Vichy France. From Chad he led raids into Italian-controlled Libya. After his forces captured Kufra, he had his men swear an oath known today as the Serment de Koufra, in which they pledged to fight on until their flag flew over the Strasbourg Cathedral.

The forces under his command, known as L Force, campaigned in Libya in 1943, covered the Eighth Army's inland flank during its advance into Tunisia, and participated in the attack on the Mareth Line. L Force was then transformed into the 2e Division Blindée, although it was often referred to as La Division Leclerc. It fought under Leclerc's command in the Battle of Normandy, and participated in the liberation of Paris and Strasbourg. After the end of World War II in Europe in May 1945, he was given command of the French Far East Expeditionary Corps (Corps expéditionnaire français en Extrême-Orient, CEFEO). He represented France at the surrender of the Japanese Empire in Tokyo Bay on 2 September 1945. He quickly perceived the necessity for a political solution to the nascent conflict in Indochina, but once again was ahead of his countrymen, and was recalled to France in 1946. He was killed in an air crash in Algeria in 1947.

 Read more...
 
Birthday, Date of Birth
Saturday, November 22, 1902
Place of Birth
Belloy-Saint-Léonard
Age
118
Star Sign

The November 22, 1902 was a Saturday under the star sign of . It was the 325 day of the year. President of the United States was Theodore Roosevelt.

If you were born on this day, you are 118 years old. Your last birthday was on the Sunday, November 22, 2020, 58 days ago. Your next birthday is on Monday, November 22, 2021, in 306 days. You have lived for 43,158 days, or about 1,035,798 hours, or about 62,147,882 minutes, or about seconds.

Some people who share this birthday:

  • Charles de Gaulle (politician, military officer, statesperson, military personnel, memoirist, military theorist, born November 22, 1890)
  • Benjamin Britten (politician, pianist, composer, conductor, choreographer, born November 22, 1913)
  • André Gide (playwright, novelist, writer, autobiographer, essayist, translator, author, film producer, journalist, diarist, travel writer, born November 22, 1869)
  • Boris Becker (businessperson, tennis player, sports commentator, born November 22, 1967)
  • George Eliot (novelist, writer, poet, essayist, translator, philosopher, journalist, born November 22, 1819)
  • Billie Jean King (tennis player, sports commentator, tennis coach, born November 22, 1943)
  • Enver Pasha (politician, born November 22, 1881)
  • Terry Gilliam (screenwriter, comedian, film director, film actor, animator, born November 22, 1940)
  • Scarlett Johansson (singer, film actor, stage actor, voice actor, model, born November 22, 1984)
  • Vladimir Dal (children's writer, writer, philosopher, physician, linguist, lexicographer, ethnologist, dialectologist, born November 22, 1801)
  • Lazar Kaganovich (politician, statesperson, revolutionary, born November 22, 1893)
  • Andrew Huxley (physicist, physician, physiologist, neuroscientist, born November 22, 1917)
  • Endre Ady (writer, poet, journalist, born November 22, 1877)
  • Joaquín Rodrigo (pianist, composer, pedagogue, choreographer, musicologist, born November 22, 1901)
  • El Lissitzky (painter, artist, architect, photographer, teacher, graphic designer, type designer, born November 22, 1890)
  • Philippe Leclerc de Hauteclocque (military personnel, born November 22, 1902)
  • Rodion Malinovsky (politician, military officer, writer, born November 22, 1898)
  • Louis Néel (physicist, university teacher, born November 22, 1904)
  • Jamie Lee Curtis (children's writer, writer, actor, film actor, television actor, voice actor, born November 22, 1958)
  • Rasmus Rask (university teacher, linguist, born November 22, 1787)
  • Andreas Hofer (agriculturalist, military leader, born November 22, 1767)
  • Charles Frederick, Grand Duke of Baden (sovereign, born November 22, 1728)
  • Wilhelm Friedemann Bach (pianist, composer, organist, born November 22, 1710)
  • Roy Crowson (entomologist, born November 22, 1914)
  • Elisabeth of France (politician, born November 22, 1602)
  • John Nance Garner (politician, lawyer, judge, born November 22, 1868)
  • Hoagy Carmichael (singer, actor, songwriter, pianist, film actor, television actor, composer, jazz musician, bandleader, born November 22, 1899)
  • Thomas Cook (entrepreneur, born November 22, 1808)
  • Mads Mikkelsen (actor, film actor, born November 22, 1965)
  • Geraldine Page (film actor, stage actor, voice actor, born November 22, 1924)
  • Mark Ruffalo (screenwriter, writer, film director, film actor, stage actor, television actor, film producer, born November 22, 1967)
  • Johann Eck (translator, university teacher, theologian, pundit, born November 13, 1486)
  • Abigail Adams (politician, born November 22, 1744)
  • Qi Jiguang (soldier, born November 12, 1527)
  • Gunther Schuller (composer, conductor, university teacher, music pedagogue, jazz musician, musicologist, hornist, born November 22, 1925)
  • Wilhelm Groener (politician, military officer, born November 22, 1867)
  • Marjane Satrapi (film director, comics artist, born November 22, 1969)
  • Arthur Hiller (film director, film producer, born November 22, 1923)
  • William IV, Duke of Bavaria (child actor, born November 13, 1493)
  • Ville Valo (singer, songwriter, drummer, born November 22, 1976)
  • Richard Bowdler Sharpe (zoologist, ornithologist, born November 22, 1847)
  • Oscar Pistorius (athletics competitor, born November 22, 1986)
  • Victor Pelevin (screenwriter, novelist, science fiction writer, writer, born November 22, 1962)
  • Asamoah Gyan (association football player, born November 22, 1985)
  • Steven Van Zandt (screenwriter, singer, musician, guitarist, record producer, actor, pianist, television actor, composer, disc jockey, born November 22, 1950)
  • Roy Thomas (screenwriter, journalist, comics artist, born November 22, 1940)
  • Conradin Kreutzer (pianist, composer, conductor, oboist, born November 22, 1780)
  • Edward Bernays (journalist, non-fiction writer, psychologist, born November 22, 1891)
  • Paul-Henri-Benjamin d'Estournelles de Constant (politician, writer, diplomat, judge, born November 22, 1852)
  • Kent Nagano (conductor, music director, born November 22, 1951)
  • Chad Trujillo (astronomer, born November 22, 1973)
  • Gabriel Gonzáles Videla (politician, lawyer, diplomat, born November 22, 1898)
  • José-Maria de Heredia (writer, poet, translator, born November 22, 1842)
  • Robert Vaughn (actor, film actor, stage actor, television actor, voice actor, born November 22, 1932)
  • Abd al-Aziz ibn Baz (politician, cleric, judge, mufti, Islamicist, born November 22, 1912)
  • Aiko (singer, singer-songwriter, composer, born November 22, 1975)
  • Andrzej Żuławski (screenwriter, writer, film director, actor, film actor, television actor, journalist, born November 22, 1940)
  • Joan Gamper (businessperson, association football player, born November 22, 1877)
  • Diego de Landa (priest, conquistador, chronicler, friar, mayanist, born November 12, 1524)
  • Francis Willughby (ornithologist, ichthyologist, born November 22, 1635)
  • Lionel Robbins, Baron Robbins (politician, economist, born November 22, 1898)
  • José María Gil-Robles y Quiñones (politician, writer, autobiographer, jurist, minister, journalist, university teacher, full professor, born November 22, 1898)
  • Torsten Frings (association football player, born November 22, 1976)
  • Mandy Minella (tennis player, born November 22, 1985)
  • Rodney Dangerfield (screenwriter, comedian, actor, film actor, television actor, voice actor, born November 22, 1921)
  • Alexandra Fusai (tennis player, born November 22, 1973)
  • Fikret Amirov (composer, born November 22, 1922)
  • Alfonso II d'Este (condottiero, born November 12, 1533)
  • Marouane Fellaini (association football player, born November 22, 1987)
  • Peter Hall (artist, singer, film director, actor, theatre director, born November 22, 1930)
  • José Leandro Andrade (association football player, born November 22, 1901)
  • Erwin Stresemann (zoologist, university teacher, ornithologist, botanist, born November 22, 1889)
  • Ruslan Khasbulatov (politician, economist, scientist, born November 22, 1942)
  • Charlene Choi (singer, musician, actor, born November 22, 1982)
  • George Gissing (novelist, writer, born November 22, 1857)
  • Mikhail Mil (engineer, aerospace engineer, born November 22, 1909)
  • Jeong Mong-ju (writer, poet, philosopher, diplomat, teacher, born November 14, 1337)
  • Leos Carax (screenwriter, film director, actor, film actor, film critic, critic, born November 22, 1960)
  • Steve Angello (disc jockey, club DJ, born November 22, 1982)
  • Pierre de Rigaud, Marquis de Vaudreuil-Cavagnal (civil servant, born November 22, 1698)
  • Alfredo Cristiani (politician, born November 22, 1947)
  • Ranavalona III (politician, born November 22, 1861)
  • Irina Privalova (sprinter, born November 22, 1968)
  • Mulayam Singh Yadav (politician, born November 22, 1939)
  • Yakubu (association football player, born November 22, 1982)
  • Chris Smalling (association football player, born November 22, 1989)
  • Francis Obikwelu (athletics competitor, sprinter, born November 22, 1978)
  • Milan Bandić (politician, born November 22, 1955)
  • Wiley Post (aircraft pilot, born November 22, 1898)
  • Christoph Cellarius (historian, university teacher, classical scholar, philologist, born November 22, 1638)

22nd of November 1902 News

News as it appeared on the front page of the New York Times on November 22, 1902

Article 19 -- No Title

Date: 23 November 1902

Full Article

Widening Livingston Street.

Date: 23 November 1902

FRANK E. CORNELL

Frank CORNELL

Livingston St. widening; F. E. Cornell letter

Full Article

SOCIETY AT HOME AND ABROAD.

Date: 23 November 1902

Full Article

LARGE REWARD FOR ROBBERS.; To Be Offered by the Rock Island Railroad and Express Company.

Date: 23 November 1902

Special to The New York Times

Davenport, Ia.

Full Article

ART AND ARCHAEOLOGICAL NEWS FROM FOREIGN LANDS.

Date: 23 November 1902

Full Article

Deep Gloom Hangs Over Cambridge.

Date: 23 November 1902

Special to The New York Times

Shay, Capt. C. H.; 25 years

Full Article

THE MAKING OF PROGRAMMES; A Suggestion as to the Place for the Symphony -- A Difficult and Delicate Art.

Date: 23 November 1902

Musicians' library

Full Article

GENERAL NOTES.

Date: 23 November 1902

Full Article

CUBAN SOCIETY AT PRESIDENT'S BALL; Big Crush Which Made Dancing Almost an Impossibility.

Date: 23 November 1902

Special Correspondence THE NEW YORK TIMES

Full Article

TAXATION IN NEW YORK.

Date: 23 November 1902

D. CAVANAGH

D. Cavanagh letter

Full Article

Date:

Full Article