Konstantin Päts Birthday, Date of Birth

Konstantin Päts

Konstantin Päts (Estonian pronunciation: [ˈkons.tɑnʲ.tin ˈpætʲs]; 23 February [O.S. 11 February] 1874 – 18 January 1956) was the most influential politician of interwar Estonia, and served five times as the country's head of government. He was one of the first Estonians to become active in politics and started an almost 40-year political rivalry with Jaan Tõnisson, first through journalism with his newspaper Teataja, later through politics. He was condemned to death during the 1905 Revolution, but managed to flee first to Switzerland, then to Finland, where he continued his literary work. He returned to Estonia, but had to spend time in prison in 1910–1911.

In 1917, Päts headed the provincial government of the Autonomous Governorate of Estonia, but was forced to go underground after the October Revolution. On 19 February 1918, Päts became one of the three members of the Estonian Salvation Committee that issued the Estonian Declaration of Independence on 24 February. Konstantin Päts headed the Estonian Provisional Government (1918–1919), although he was imprisoned during the second half of the German Occupation. In the provisional government, Päts also served as Minister of Internal Affairs (1918) and Minister of War (1918–1919) that left him organizing Estonian troops for the War of Independence.

During the 1920s and early 1930s, Päts led the most right-wing party of the major political parties of the time – the conservative Farmers' Assemblies that eventually merged with the Union of Settlers and Smallholders in 1932. Päts was the speaker of the Riigikogu (1922–1923) and served five times as State Elder, a post equivalent to that of president in Estonia's radically parliamentarian system (1921–1922, 1923–1924, 1931–1932, 1932–1933, and 1933–1934). During his last term as State Elder, he organized a coup d'etat to neutralise the right-wing populist Vaps Movement. He was supported by the army and the parliament. During the authoritarian regime ("Era of Silence"), many reforms were made and the economy grew, while he prolonged the return of constitutional order. Päts ruled as Prime Minister in duties of the State Elder (1934–1937) and President-Regent (1937–1938) until a new constitution was adopted in 1938, after which Päts became the first President of Estonia. During his presidency, the Soviet Union occupied Estonia in 1940. As President, he was forced to sign decrees for over a month, until he was finally arrested and deported to the Soviet Union, where he died in 1956.

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Birthday, Date of Birth
Monday, February 23, 1874
Place of Birth
Tahkuranna Rural Municipality
Age
147
Star Sign

The February 23, 1874 was a Monday under the star sign of . It was the 53 day of the year. President of the United States was Ulysses S. Grant.

If you were born on this day, you are 147 years old. Your last birthday was on the Tuesday, February 23, 2021, 5 days ago. Your next birthday is on Wednesday, February 23, 2022, in 359 days. You have lived for 53,696 days, or about 1,288,707 hours, or about 77,322,467 minutes, or about seconds.

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23rd of February 1874 News

News as it appeared on the front page of the New York Times on February 23, 1874

CITY AND SUBURBAN NEWS.; NEW-YORK BROOKLYN. LONG ISLAND. STATEN ISLAND. NEW-JERSEY. ARREST OF A NOTED THIEF. COCK-FIGHTING IN NEW-JERSEY.

Date: 23 February 1874

Jersey City Times; Suspension

Full Article

LATEST NEWS BY CABLE.; GREAT BRITAIN. MR. GLADSTONE'S FUTURE COURSE IN PARLIAMENT MINISTER SCHENCK AT SEA.

Date: 23 February 1874

Minister to England; Left England for America

Full Article

LATEST NEWS OF COMMISSIONER SMITH'S CONDITION.

Date: 23 February 1874

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MARINE INTELLIGENCE.; NEW-YORK..... SUNDAY, Feb. 22. ARRIVED. BY TELEGRAPH. LATEST SHIPPING NEWS BY CABLE.

Date: 23 February 1874

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NEWS PACKAGES FOR THE PRESS.

Date: 23 February 1874

Full Article

THE TEMPERANCE CRUSADE; OHIO. DAILY TEMPERANCE PAPER PROGRESS IN XENIA GANGING THE WORK IN DAYTON. VIGOROUS OPERATIONS OF THE LADIES OF COLUMBUS PREPARATIONS FOR THE STATE TEMPERANCE CONVENTION. POSITION OF THE COLUMBUS CLERGY. REVOLUTION IN SPRINGFIELD BARS CLOSED ON SUNDAY.

Date: 23 February 1874

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Date:

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