Charles de Gaulle Birthday, Date of Birth

Charles de Gaulle

Charles André Joseph Marie de Gaulle (; French pronunciation: [ʃaʁl də ɡol] (listen); 22 November 1890 – 9 November 1970) was a French army officer and statesman who led the French Resistance against Nazi Germany in World War II and chaired the Provisional Government of the French Republic from 1944 to 1946 in order to reestablish democracy in France. In 1958, he came out of retirement when appointed President of the Council of Ministers by President René Coty. He was asked to rewrite the Constitution of France and founded the Fifth Republic after approval by referendum. He was elected President of France later that year, a position he was reelected to in 1965 and held until his resignation in 1969. He was the dominant figure of France during the early part of the Cold War era; his memory continues to influence French politics.

Born in Lille, he graduated from Saint-Cyr in 1912. He was a decorated officer of the First World War, wounded several times and later taken prisoner at Verdun. During the interwar period, he advocated mobile armoured divisions. During the German invasion of May 1940, he led an armoured division which counterattacked the invaders; he was then appointed Undersecretary for War. Refusing to accept his government's armistice with Germany, De Gaulle exhorted the French population to resist occupation and to continue the fight in his Appeal of 18 June. He led a government in exile and the Free French Forces against the Axis. Despite frosty relations with the United Kingdom and especially the United States, he emerged as the undisputed leader of the French Resistance, with Jean Moulin as first President of the National Council of the Resistance. He became head of the Provisional Government of the French Republic in June 1944, the interim government of France following its Liberation. As early as 1944, De Gaulle introduced a dirigiste economic policy, which included substantial state-directed control over a capitalist economy which was followed by 30 years of unprecedented growth, known as the Trente Glorieuses.

Frustrated by the return of petty partisanship in the new Fourth Republic, he resigned in early 1946 but continued to be politically active as founder of the Rassemblement du Peuple Français (RPF; "Rally of the French People"). He retired in the early 1950s and wrote a book about his experience in the war titled War Memoirs, which quickly became a staple of modern French literature. When the Algerian War was ripping apart the unstable Fourth Republic, the National Assembly brought him back to power during the May 1958 crisis. He founded the Fifth Republic with a strong presidency, and he was elected to continue in that role. He managed to keep France together while taking steps to end the war, much to the anger of the Pieds-Noirs (ethnic French born in Algeria) and the military; both previously had supported his return to power to maintain colonial rule. He granted independence to Algeria and progressively to other French colonies.

In the context of the Cold War, De Gaulle initiated his "politics of grandeur" asserting that France as a major power should not rely on other countries, such as the United States, for its national security and prosperity. To this end, he pursued a policy of "national independence" which led him to withdraw from NATO's military integrated command and to launch an independent nuclear development program that made France the fourth nuclear power. He restored cordial Franco-German relations to create a European counterweight between the Anglo-American and Soviet spheres of influence through the signing of the Élysée Treaty on 22 January 1963. However, he opposed any development of a supranational Europe, favouring a Europe of sovereign nations. De Gaulle openly criticised the United States intervention in Vietnam and the "exorbitant privilege" of the United States dollar. In his later years, his support for the slogan "Vive le Québec libre" and his two vetoes of Britain's entry into the European Economic Community generated considerable controversy, both in the US and in Europe.

Although reelected President of the Republic in 1965, he appeared likely to lose power amid widespread protests by students and workers in May 1968, but survived the crisis and won an election with an increased majority in the National Assembly. De Gaulle resigned in 1969 after losing a referendum in which he proposed more decentralisation. He died a year later at his residence in Colombey-les-Deux-Églises, leaving his presidential memoirs unfinished. Many French political parties and figures claim a Gaullist legacy; many streets and monuments in France were dedicated to his memory after his death.

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Birthday, Date of Birth
Saturday, November 22, 1890
Place of Birth
Lille
Age
130
Star Sign

The November 22, 1890 was a Saturday under the star sign of . It was the 325 day of the year. President of the United States was Benjamin Harrison.

If you were born on this day, you are 130 years old. Your last birthday was on the Sunday, November 22, 2020, 60 days ago. Your next birthday is on Monday, November 22, 2021, in 304 days. You have lived for 47,542 days, or about 1,141,028 hours, or about 68,461,696 minutes, or about seconds.

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22nd of November 1890 News

News as it appeared on the front page of the New York Times on November 22, 1890

DANCERS THREATEN TO SHOOT.; THE WOUNDED KNEE FANATICS ARE READY TO FIGHT.

Date: 23 November 1890

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NEWS ABOUT RAILROADS; JAY GOULD BRIEFLY EXPLAINS THE SITUATION. AN AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE MISSOURI PACIFIC AND THE ATCHISON SYSTEM -- UNION PACIFIC REORGANIZATION.

Date: 22 November 1890

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THE NEWS AT WASHINGTON.; THE INDIAN OFFICE DISCREDITS THE STORIES OF AN UPRISING.

Date: 22 November 1890

Full Article

CITY AND SUBURBAN NEWS

Date: 22 November 1890

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ENTHUSIASM AT BOSTON

Date: 23 November 1890

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A PAIR OF CLEVER SCAMPS; COUNT CAGNAZZI AND HIS FRIEND MOUSSA-EL-AKKAD. THIEVES FALL OUT AND THE EYES OF THE ITALIAN GOVERNMENT OPENED TO THE MISDEEDS OF ITS AGENTS.

Date: 23 November 1890

Massowah; Italian Campaign; Moussa-el-Akkad s Imprisonment Due to Count Cagnazzi's Treachery; His Arrest

Full Article

INDIANS READY TO FIGHT; THE PINE RIDGE AGENCY PLACED IN IMMINENT PERIL. EIGHT THOUSAND ARMED SIOUX CONGREGATED NEAR THE SETTLEMENT -- GEN. BROOKE MASSING HIS TROOPS.

Date: 22 November 1890

Messiah Miracles; Sioux Outbreak; Rumors; Troops Ordered Out

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ARRESTED FOR SMUGGLING.

Date: 22 November 1890

Fanda, J.; Arrest

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ARMY AND NAVY NEWS.

Date: 23 November 1890

Full Article

PHASES OF CITY LIFE.

Date: 23 November 1890

Phases of City Life

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Date:

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