Abul Kalam Azad Birthday, Date of Birth

Abul Kalam Azad

Maulana Sayyid Abul Kalam Ghulam Muhiyuddin Ahmed bin Khairuddin Al-Hussaini Azad pronunciation  (11 November 1888 – 22 February 1958) was an Indian scholar, activist and a senior leader of the Indian National Congress during the Indian independence movement. Following India's independence, he became the First Minister of Education in the Indian government Minister of Human Resource Development (until 25 September 1958, Ministry of Education) . He is commonly remembered as Maulana Azad; the word Maulana is an honorific meaning 'Our Master' and he had adopted Azad (Free) as his pen name. His contribution to establishing the education foundation in India is recognised by celebrating his birthday as "National Education Day" across India.

As a young man, Azad composed poetry in Urdu, as well as treatises on religion and philosophy. He rose to prominence through his work as a journalist, publishing works critical of the British Raj and espousing the causes of Indian nationalism. Azad became the leader of the Khilafat Movement, during which he came into close contact with the Indian leader Mahatma Gandhi. Azad became an enthusiastic supporter of Gandhi's ideas of non-violent civil disobedience, and worked to organise the non-co-operation movement in protest of the 1919 Rowlatt Acts. Azad committed himself to Gandhi's ideals, including promoting Swadeshi (indigenous) products and the cause of Swaraj (Self-rule) for India. In 1923, at an age of 35, he became the youngest person to serve as the President of the Indian National Congress.

In October 1920, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was elected as a member of foundation committee to establish Jamia Millia Islamia at Aligarh in U. P. without taking help from British colonial government. He assisted in shifting the campus of the university from Aligarh to New Delhi in 1934. The main gate (Gate No. 7) to the main campus of the university is named after him.

Azad was one of the main organizers of the Dharasana Satyagraha in 1931, and emerged as one of the most important national leaders of the time, prominently leading the causes of Hindu-Muslim unity as well as espousing secularism and socialism. He served as Congress president from 1940 to 1945, during which the Quit India rebellion was launched. Azad was imprisoned, together with the entire Congress leadership.

Amidst communal turmoil following the partition of India, he worked for religious harmony. As India's Education Minister, Azad oversaw the establishment of a national education system with free primary education and modern institutions of higher education. He is also credited with the establishment of the Indian Institutes of Technology and the foundation of the University Grants Commission, an important institution to supervise and advance higher education throughout the country.

National Education Day (India) an annual observance in India to commemorate the birth anniversary of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, the first education minister of independent India, who served from 15 August 1947 until 2 February 1958. National Education Day of India is celebrated on 11 November every year in India. He also worked for Hindu-Muslim unity through the Al-Hilal newspaper.

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Birthday, Date of Birth
Sunday, November 11, 1888
Place of Birth
Mekka
Age
132
Star Sign

The November 11, 1888 was a Sunday under the star sign of . It was the 315 day of the year. President of the United States was Grover Cleveland.

If you were born on this day, you are 132 years old. Your last birthday was on the Wednesday, November 11, 2020, 116 days ago. Your next birthday is on Thursday, November 11, 2021, in 248 days. You have lived for 48,328 days, or about 1,159,879 hours, or about 69,592,747 minutes, or about seconds.

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11th of November 1888 News

News as it appeared on the front page of the New York Times on November 11, 1888

CITY AND SUBURBAN NEWS; NEW-YORK. BROOKLYN. STATEN ISLAND. NEW-JERSEY.

Date: 12 November 1888

Full Article

NOTES FROM MEXICO.

Date: 12 November 1888

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OVER THE HILLS TO THE POLLS.; HOW RURAL NEW-JERSEYMEN WORKED ON TUESDAY.

Date: 11 November 1888

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CITY AND SUBURBAN NEWS; NEW-YORK. BROOKLYN. STATEN ISLAND. WESTCHESTER COUNTY. NEW-JERSEY.

Date: 11 November 1888

Full Article

BISMARCK'S CATHOLIC BID; THE ALLIANCE TO SUPPRESS THE SLAVE TRADE. EMPEROR WILLIAM AND THE LIBERAL PRESS--GENERAL NEWS FROM THE FATHERLAND.

Date: 11 November 1888

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HANS S. BEATTIE RESIGNS; NO LONGER A MEMBER OF THE COUNTY DEMOCRACY. OTHER DEFECTIONS MAY FOLLOW-- HILL'S FRIENDS THREATEN TROUBLE IN THE NEW-AMSTERDAM CLUB.

Date: 11 November 1888

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BY CURTIS YORKE.

Date: 11 November 1888

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A BIG JUMP IN SEALSKINS.

Date: 11 November 1888

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ARMY AND NAVY NEWS.

Date: 11 November 1888

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OLD WORLD NEWS BY CABLE; SALISBURY'S SNEERS AND COMING IRISH DEBATES. STEPS IN PARLIAMENT CONCERNING THE WHITECHAPEL MURDERS--RUSSIA AND WAR SCARES--LARGE NEWSPAPER EXPENSES--DR. KING OFLINCOLN TO BE CALLED TO ACCOUNT--TORIES AND THE SALT TRUST.

Date: 11 November 1888

BY COMMERCIAL CABLE FROM OUR OWN CORRESPONDENT.Copyright, 1888, by the New-York Times

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