Alexander Berkman (November 21, 1870 – June 28, 1936) was a Russian-American anarchist and author. He was a leading member of the anarchist movement in the early 20th century, famous for both his political activism and his writing.
Berkman was born in Vilna in the Russian Empire (present-day Vilnius, Lithuania) and immigrated to the United States in 1888. He lived in New York City, where he became involved in the anarchist movement. He was the one-time lover and lifelong friend of anarchist Emma Goldman. In 1892, undertaking an act of propaganda of the deed, Berkman made an unsuccessful attempt to assassinate businessman Henry Clay Frick, for which he served 14 years in prison. His experience in prison was the basis of his first book, Prison Memoirs of an Anarchist.
After his release from prison, Berkman served as editor of Goldman's anarchist journal, Mother Earth, and later established his own journal, The Blast. In 1917, Berkman and Goldman were sentenced to two years in jail for conspiracy against the newly instated draft. After their release from prison, they were arrested—along with hundreds of others—and deported to Russia. Initially supportive of that country's Bolshevik revolution, Berkman and Goldman soon became disillusioned, voicing their opposition to the Soviets' use of terror after seizing power and their repression of fellow revolutionaries. They left the Soviet Union in late 1921, and in 1925 Berkman published a book about his experiences, The Bolshevik Myth.
While living in France, Berkman continued his work in support of the anarchist movement, producing the classic exposition of anarchist principles, Now and After: The ABC of Communist Anarchism. Suffering from ill health, Berkman committed suicide in 1936.
The November 21, 1870 was a Monday under the star sign of ♏. It was the 324 day of the year. President of the United States was Ulysses S. Grant.
If you were born on this day, you are 150 years old. Your last birthday was on the Saturday, November 21, 2020, 164 days ago. Your next birthday is on Sunday, November 21, 2021, in 200 days. You have lived for 54,951 days, or about 1,318,842 hours, or about 79,130,570 minutes, or about ∞ seconds.
Some people who share this birthday:
Voltaire (playwright, science fiction writer, autobiographer, poet, essayist, author, philosopher, poet lawyer, historian, diarist, Encyclopédistes, correspondent, born November 21, 1694)
Nick Perumov (science fiction writer, writer, fantasy author, born November 21, 1963)
21st of November 1870 News
News as it appeared on the front page of the New York Times on November 21, 1870
INSIDE PARIS.; Latest Pen Pictures Dispatched by Aerial Messengers. The Question of Food and the Distribution of Supplies. Story of the Pigeon Express--A Crusade Against Dogs. ANTI-AMERICAN SENTIMENTS OF TROCHU. Special Correspondence of the Times.