Grand Duchess Maria Alexandrovna of Russia Birthday, Date of Birth

Grand Duchess Maria Alexandrovna of Russia

Grand Duchess Maria Alexandrovna of Russia (later Duchess of Edinburgh and Duchess of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha; Russian: Мария Александровна; 17 October [O.S. 5 October] 1853 – 24 October 1920) was the fifth child and only surviving daughter of Emperor Alexander II of Russia and his first wife, Princess Marie of Hesse and by Rhine. She was the younger sister of Alexander III of Russia and the paternal aunt of Russia's last emperor, Nicholas II.

In 1874 Grand Duchess Maria Alexandrovna married Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh, the second son of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha; she was the only Romanov to marry into the British royal family. The couple had five children: a son, Alfred, and four daughters: Marie, Victoria Melita, Alexandra, and Beatrice. For the first years of her marriage, Maria Alexandrovna lived in England. She neither adapted to the British court nor overcame her dislike for her adopted country. She accompanied her husband on his postings as an Admiral of the Royal Navy at Malta (1886–1889) and Devonport (1890–1893). The Duchess of Edinburgh travelled extensively through Europe. She visited her family in Russia frequently and stayed for long periods in England and Germany attending social and family events.

In August 1893 Maria Alexandrovna became Duchess of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha when her husband inherited the duchy on the death of his childless uncle, Ernest II, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha. She enjoyed life in Germany, where she became active in cultural endeavours and charitable work. To her daughters she gave every support, but she was critical of her wayward son, who died young in 1899. Her husband died the following year.

In her widowhood Maria Alexandrovna continued to live in Coburg. The outbreak of World War I divided her sympathies. She sided with Germany against her native Russia. Her only surviving brother, Grand Duke Paul Alexandrovich, her nephew Tsar Nicholas II and many other relatives were killed during the Russian Revolution and she lost her considerable fortune. From 1893 until her death, she had the distinction of being an Imperial Russian grand duchess (by birth), a British royal Duchess (by marriage), and the consort (and later widow) of a German sovereign Duke.

After World War I, Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, the duchy which her husband and nephew had ruled, ceased to exist in November 1918. Maria Alexandrovna died two years later while living under reduced circumstances in exile in Switzerland.

Birthday, Date of Birth
Monday, October 17, 1853
Place of Birth
Star Sign

The October 17, 1853 was a Monday under the star sign of . It was the 289 day of the year. President of the United States was Franklin Pierce.

If you were born on this day, you are 167 years old. Your last birthday was on the Saturday, October 17, 2020, 8 days ago. Your next birthday is on Sunday, October 17, 2021, in 356 days. You have lived for 61,004 days, or about 1,464,113 hours, or about 87,846,790 minutes, or about seconds.

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17th of October 1853 News

News as it appeared on the front page of the New York Times on October 17, 1853

PHILADELPHIA.; Terrible Accident -- Nine Men Drowned -- Another Probable Murder--Bill of Mortality--Fires, &c.

Date: 18 October 1853

Correspondence of the New-York Daily Times

Yesterday morning the river Delaware was the scene of a dreadful calamity, by which nine men, seven of whom were in the employ of the Camden and Amboy Railroad Company, were drowned, and two others narrowly escaped with their lives.

Full Article

FOUR DAYS LATER FROM EUROPE.; ARRIVAL OF THE ATLANTIC. HIGHLY IMPORTANT. WAR DECLARED BY TURKEY Rumored Hostilities. FALL IN THE FUNDS. THE OLMUTZ CONFERENCE. Kossta Released--His Departure for the United States. DEATH OF M ARAOO. Letter from Kossuth on Eastern Affairs. War between Gen. J. Watson Webb and the London Times. Interesting Intelligence from the Continent. CHOLERA ON SHIPBOARD AT LIVERPOOL. CONTINUED DULLNESS IN COTTON. No Decided Change in Grain Markets. THE EASTERN QUESTION. Latest Intelligence--Rumored Declaration of War. Kossath on the Eastern Question. GREAT BRITAIN. The Recent Equinoctial Gales. OUTBREAK OF HOSTILITIES. General J. Watson Webb and the London Times. The London Press on the Eastern Question. Reply of the London Times. Wreck of the Isaac Wright, Emigrant Ship. FRANCE. France Reproves England for Indecision--New Decrees relative to Breadstuffs--Statistics of the Food Market--Mexican Debt to France--Rate of Interest--Various Items. SPAIN. Various Interesting Items. GERMANY. The Protestant Conference. PRUSSIA.

Date: 17 October 1853

Wreck of the Isaac Wright

Full Article