W. E. B. Du Bois Birthday, Date of Birth

W. E. B. Du Bois

William Edward Burghardt Du Bois ( doo-BOYSS; February 23, 1868 – August 27, 1963) was an American sociologist, historian, civil rights activist, Pan-Africanist, author, writer and editor. Born in Great Barrington, Massachusetts, Du Bois grew up in a relatively tolerant and integrated community, and after completing graduate work at the University of Berlin and Harvard, where he was the first African American to earn a doctorate, he became a professor of history, sociology and economics at Atlanta University. Du Bois was one of the founders of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) in 1909.

Before that, Du Bois had risen to national prominence as the leader of the Niagara Movement, a group of African-American activists who wanted equal rights for blacks. Du Bois and his supporters opposed the Atlanta compromise, an agreement crafted by Booker T. Washington which provided that Southern blacks would work and submit to white political rule, while Southern whites guaranteed that blacks would receive basic educational and economic opportunities. Instead, Du Bois insisted on full civil rights and increased political representation, which he believed would be brought about by the African-American intellectual elite. He referred to this group as the Talented Tenth and believed that African Americans needed the chances for advanced education to develop its leadership.

Racism was the main target of Du Bois's polemics, and he strongly protested against lynching, Jim Crow laws, and discrimination in education and employment. His cause included people of color everywhere, particularly Africans and Asians in colonies. He was a proponent of Pan-Africanism and helped organize several Pan-African Congresses to fight for the independence of African colonies from European powers. Du Bois made several trips to Europe, Africa and Asia. After World War I, he surveyed the experiences of American black soldiers in France and documented widespread prejudice in the United States military.

Du Bois was a prolific author. His collection of essays, The Souls of Black Folk, is a seminal work in African-American literature; and his 1935 magnum opus, Black Reconstruction in America, challenged the prevailing orthodoxy that blacks were responsible for the failures of the Reconstruction Era. Borrowing a phrase from Frederick Douglass, he popularized the use of the term color line to represent the injustice of the separate but equal doctrine prevalent in American social and political life. He opens The Souls of Black Folk with the central thesis of much of his life's work: "The problem of the twentieth century is the problem of the color-line."

He wrote one of the first scientific treatises in the field of American sociology, and he published three autobiographies, each of which contains essays on sociology, politics and history. In his role as editor of the NAACP's journal The Crisis, he published many influential pieces. Du Bois believed that capitalism was a primary cause of racism, and he was generally sympathetic to socialist causes throughout his life. He was an ardent peace activist and advocated nuclear disarmament. The United States' Civil Rights Act, embodying many of the reforms for which Du Bois had campaigned his entire life, was enacted a year after his death.

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Birthday, Date of Birth
Sunday, February 23, 1868
Place of Birth
Great Barrington
Age
153
Star Sign

The February 23, 1868 was a Sunday under the star sign of . It was the 53 day of the year. President of the United States was Andrew Johnson.

If you were born on this day, you are 153 years old. Your last birthday was on the Tuesday, February 23, 2021, 7 days ago. Your next birthday is on Wednesday, February 23, 2022, in 357 days. You have lived for 55,890 days, or about 1,341,376 hours, or about 80,482,604 minutes, or about seconds.

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23rd of February 1868 News

News as it appeared on the front page of the New York Times on February 23, 1868

Gallagher's Evening Exchange.

Date: 23 February 1868

Full Article

FORTIETH CONGRESS.; SECOND SESSION. SENATE. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.

Date: 23 February 1868

Full Article

Article 1 -- No Title

Date: 23 February 1868

Full Article

SOUTHERN ITALY.; Policy of Plus Ninth--The Case of cardinal D'Andrea--New Year's Present to Napoleon--Rattazzi and Lord Clarendon at Naples--Discoveries at Pompeii--Vesuvius.

Date: 23 February 1868

Banks A. F.; The Three Old Men

Full Article

Fire Insurance and its Abuses.

Date: 23 February 1868

Letter on Fire Insurance

Full Article

WHARVES AND PIERS.; The Views of the Canal-boat Interest on the Subject.

Date: 23 February 1868

Wharves and Piers; Letter of Henry W. Johnson

Full Article

THEATRICAL.; Miscellaneous Dramatic Notes--Home and Foreign News.

Date: 23 February 1868

Full Article

Alexander H. Stephens of Georgia on Public Affairs.

Date: 23 February 1868

Conversation on Public Affairs

Full Article

A New Way to Acquire Real Estate.

Date: 23 February 1868

the Trial of

Full Article

WASHINGTON.; Further Particulars of the War Department Troubles. Secretary Stanton Causes the Arrest of Adjutant-General Thomas. Impeachment Resolutions Presented in the House. Thomas Held to Bail and Stanton Still in Office. Speeches by Messrs. Stevens, Brooks, Bingham, Farnworth, Beck, Logan and Others. The Debate to be Continued and a Vote Taken To-morrow.

Date: 23 February 1868

Report of Reconstruction Committee and Resolution to Impeach. House

Full Article