Kazimir Malevich Birthday, Date of Birth

Kazimir Malevich

Kazimir Severinovich Malevich (February 23 [O.S. 11] 1879 – May 15, 1935) was a Russian avant-garde artist and art theorist, whose pioneering work and writing had a profound influence on the development of non-objective, or abstract art, in the 20th century. Born in Kiev to an ethnic Polish family, his concept of Suprematism sought to develop a form of expression that moved as far as possible from the world of natural forms (objectivity) and subject matter in order to access "the supremacy of pure feeling" and spirituality. Malevich is considered to be part of the Ukrainian avant-garde (together with Alexander Archipenko, Vladimir Tatlin, Sonia Delaunay, Aleksandra Ekster, and David Burliuk) that was shaped by Ukrainian-born artists who worked first in Ukraine and later over a geographical span between Europe and America.

Early on, Malevich worked in a variety of styles, quickly assimilating the movements of Impressionism, Symbolism and Fauvism, and after visiting Paris in 1912, Cubism. Gradually simplifying his style, he developed an approach with key works consisting of pure geometric forms and their relationships to one another, set against minimal grounds. His Black Square (1915), a black square on white, represented the most radically abstract painting known to have been created so far and drew "an uncrossable line (…) between old art and new art"; Suprematist Composition: White on White (1918), a barely differentiated off-white square superimposed on an off-white ground, would take his ideal of pure abstraction to its logical conclusion. In addition to his paintings, Malevich laid down his theories in writing, such as "From Cubism and Futurism to Suprematism" (1915) and The Non-Objective World: The Manifesto of Suprematism (1926).

Malevich's trajectory in many ways mirrored the tumult of the decades surrounding the October Revolution (O.S.) in 1917. In its immediate aftermath, vanguard movements such as Suprematism and Vladimir Tatlin's Constructivism were encouraged by Trotskyite factions in the government. Malevich held several prominent teaching positions and received a solo show at the Sixteenth State Exhibition in Moscow in 1919. His recognition spread to the West with solo exhibitions in Warsaw and Berlin in 1927. Upon his return, modern art was falling out of favor with the new government of Joseph Stalin. Malevich soon lost his teaching position, artworks and manuscripts were confiscated, and he was banned from making art. In 1930, he was imprisoned for two months due to suspicions raised by his trip to Poland and Germany. Forced to abandon abstraction, he painted in a representational style in the years before his death from cancer in 1935, at the age of 56.

Nonetheless, his art and his writing influenced contemporaries such as El Lissitzky, Lyubov Popova and Alexander Rodchenko, as well as generations of later abstract artists, such as Ad Reinhardt and the Minimalists. He was celebrated posthumously in major exhibits at the Museum of Modern Art (1936), the Guggenheim Museum (1973) and the Stedelijk Museum in Amsterdam (1989), which has a large collection of his work. In the 1990s, the ownership claims of museums to many Malevich works began to be disputed by his heirs.

 Read more...
 
Birthday, Date of Birth
Saturday, February 23, 1878
Place of Birth
Kyiv
Age
143
Star Sign

The February 23, 1878 was a Saturday under the star sign of . It was the 53 day of the year. President of the United States was Rutherford B. Hayes.

If you were born on this day, you are 143 years old. Your last birthday was on the Tuesday, February 23, 2021, 7 days ago. Your next birthday is on Wednesday, February 23, 2022, in 357 days. You have lived for 52,237 days, or about 1,253,704 hours, or about 75,222,246 minutes, or about seconds.

Some people who share this birthday:

  • Sigismund (monarch, born February 15, 1368)
  • Viktor Yushchenko (politician, economist, banker, born February 23, 1954)
  • Babur (autobiographer, poet, born February 14, 1483)
  • Leone Battista Alberti (playwright, writer, painter, poet, mathematician, philosopher, architect, sculptor, linguist, cryptographer, musicologist, architectural theoretician, music theorist, medallist, born February 14, 1404)
  • Karl Jaspers (writer, philosopher, physician, university teacher, theologian, psychiatrist, born February 23, 1883)
  • Kazimir Malevich (painter, artist, sculptor, born February 23, 1879)
  • Samuel Pepys (politician, writer, diarist, justice of the peace, born February 23, 1633)
  • Erich Kästner (engineer, screenwriter, novelist, children's writer, writer, poet, author, journalist, born February 23, 1899)
  • Patriarch Alexius II (politician, cleric, bishop, Orthodox priest, born February 23, 1929)
  • Crown Prince Naruhito (politician, born February 23, 1960)
  • Konstantin Päts (politician, lawyer, journalist, born February 23, 1874)
  • Tokugawa Tsunayoshi (samurai, born February 23, 1646)
  • Carl Menger (economist, professor, born February 23, 1840)
  • Liang Qichao (writer, translator, philosopher, historian, journalist, born February 23, 1873)
  • Victor Fleming (film director, film producer, cinematographer, born February 23, 1889)
  • W.E.B. Du Bois (novelist, writer, philosopher, historian, human rights activist, sociologist, photographer, social worker, born February 23, 1868)
  • Helena Suková (tennis player, born February 23, 1965)
  • Dakota Fanning (singer, actor, film actor, television actor, voice actor, model, born February 23, 1994)
  • Johnny Winter (singer, singer-songwriter, guitarist, record producer, born February 23, 1944)
  • Peter Fonda (screenwriter, film director, actor, film actor, born February 23, 1940)
  • Miyuki Nakajima (writer, poet, singer, singer-songwriter, composer, radio personality, lyricist, born February 23, 1952)
  • Allan McLeod Cormack (physicist, biophysicist, born February 23, 1924)
  • Mahmoud Hessaby (physicist, academic, born February 23, 1903)
  • Franz Stuck (painter, university teacher, architect, sculptor, born February 23, 1863)
  • Norman Taurog (screenwriter, film director, actor, born February 23, 1899)
  • Jiří Menzel (screenwriter, writer, film director, actor, theatre director, pedagogue, born February 23, 1938)
  • Claude Sautet (screenwriter, author, film director, born February 23, 1924)
  • Paul Tibbets (military officer, soldier, aircraft pilot, born February 23, 1915)
  • William L. Shirer (writer, historian, journalist, born February 23, 1904)
  • Radosław Sikorski (politician, writer, diplomat, journalist, trade unionist, born February 23, 1963)
  • Casimir Funk (chemist, biochemist, born February 23, 1884)
  • William McMahon (politician, diplomat, born February 23, 1908)
  • Karl Robert Eduard von Hartmann (philosopher, born February 23, 1842)
  • Emily Blunt (screenwriter, actor, film actor, stage actor, television actor, born February 23, 1983)
  • Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne, Sieur de Bienville (explorer, born February 23, 1680)
  • Oleg Yankovsky (film director, actor, film actor, born February 23, 1944)
  • William Chambers (architect, born February 23, 1723)
  • Bernard Cornwell (novelist, writer, journalist, born February 23, 1944)
  • Josef Čapek (playwright, writer, painter, translator, journalist, photographer, illustrator, born February 23, 1887)
  • Henry Raspe, Landgrave of Thuringia (regent, born February 16, 1204)
  • Marc Garneau (politician, engineer, astronaut, born February 23, 1949)
  • Satoru Nakajima (racing automobile driver, born February 23, 1953)
  • Majel Barrett (actor, film actor, television actor, voice actor, film producer, born February 23, 1932)
  • Joop van den Ende (television producer, born February 23, 1942)
  • Senjūrō Hayashi (politician, military personnel, diplomat, born February 23, 1876)
  • Michael Dell (computer scientist, entrepreneur, financier, born February 23, 1965)
  • Mai Nakahara (singer, seiyū, born February 23, 1981)
  • Gustav Nachtigal (writer, explorer, born February 23, 1834)
  • Ivar Lo-Johansson (novelist, writer, journalist, born February 23, 1901)
  • Howard Jones (singer, singer-songwriter, musician, pianist, born February 23, 1955)
  • Titus Brandsma (philosopher, journalist, university teacher, resistance fighter, theologian, linguist, Esperantist, Catholic priest, born February 23, 1881)
  • Mayer Amschel Rothschild (banker, philanthropist, born February 23, 1744)
  • Eddie Dibbs (tennis player, born February 23, 1951)
  • Terence Fisher (film director, film editor, born February 23, 1904)
  • Richard Price (philosopher, theologian, actuary, born February 23, 1723)
  • Ryudo Uzaki (singer, singer-songwriter, musician, actor, composer, born February 23, 1946)
  • Bohdan Ulihrach (tennis player, born February 23, 1975)
  • Julius Fučík (writer, translator, journalist, born February 23, 1903)
  • David Sylvian (singer, singer-songwriter, musician, keyboardist, born February 23, 1958)
  • Pia Kjærsgaard (politician, autobiographer, personal care assistant, born February 23, 1947)
  • Gareth Barry (association football player, born February 23, 1981)
  • George Frederic Watts (painter, sculptor, born February 23, 1817)
  • Mido (association football player, association football manager, born February 23, 1983)
  • Kazuya Kamenashi (singer, musician, film actor, radio personality, model, born February 23, 1986)
  • Kelly Macdonald (actor, film actor, born February 23, 1976)
  • Kenny Bee (singer, actor, songwriter, born February 23, 1953)
  • Kin'ya Kitaōji (actor, born February 23, 1943)
  • John Norum (singer, musician, guitarist, born February 23, 1964)
  • Johann Baptist Emanuel Pohl (zoologist, botanist, entomologist, born February 23, 1782)
  • Hendrik Willem Mesdag (painter, art collector, born February 23, 1831)
  • Vasily Lazarev (physician, aircraft pilot, astronaut, born February 23, 1928)
  • José Joaquín de Herrera (politician, born February 23, 1792)
  • Dioncounda Traoré (politician, diplomat, born February 23, 1942)
  • Skylar Grey (singer, singer-songwriter, guitarist, pianist, composer, born February 23, 1986)
  • Hans Herrmann (Formula One driver, born February 23, 1928)
  • Rosendo Mercado (musician, guitarist, born February 23, 1954)
  • Kim Ok-gyun (autobiographer, born February 23, 1851)
  • Henry Dearborn (politician, diplomat, born February 23, 1751)
  • Franz Delitzsch (translator, university teacher, theologian, Bible translator, born February 23, 1813)
  • Shigefumi Mori (mathematician, professor, born February 23, 1951)
  • Tom Wesselmann (painter, born February 23, 1931)
  • Dana Scully (physician, surgeon, special agent, born February 23, 1964)
  • Duc Duc (monarch, born February 23, 1852)
  • Federico Luppi (actor, film actor, born February 23, 1936)
  • Brad Whitford (musician, guitarist, born February 23, 1952)
  • Jakob Stämpfli (politician, judge, born February 23, 1820)
  • Ivan Starov (architect, urban planner, born February 23, 1745)
  • Haim Arlosoroff (politician, writer, economist, born February 23, 1899)
  • Ayaz İshaki (politician, poet, journalist, dramaturge, born February 23, 1878)
  • Paul Morrissey (screenwriter, film director, film editor, film producer, photographer, born February 23, 1938)

23rd of February 1878 News

News as it appeared on the front page of the New York Times on February 23, 1878

MISCELLANEOUS CITY NEWS; LOCAL BUSINESS TROUBLES. FAILURE OF A LEADING SHOE HOUSE--LIABILITIES OVER $250,000--OTHER FAILURES.

Date: 24 February 1878

Ransom (W. A.) & Co.; $250,000

Full Article

CITY AND SUBURBAN NEWS.; NEW-YORK. BROOKLYN. LONG ISLAND. NEW-JERSEY. MILLINERY GOODS AT LORD & TAYLOR'S. THE WORKING MEN'S LYCEUM. A VERY MEAN THIEF. ROUGH WEATHER AT SEA. KINGS COUNTY SURROGATE'S COURT. THE OPPOSITION TO TAMMANY. THE DIME SAVINGS BANK OF NEWARK. ARRIVALS AT THE HOTELS. BENSON'S CAPCINE POROUS PLASTER. PASSENGERS SAILED. MINIATURE ALMANAC--THIS DAY. WESTERN UNION TIME BALL.

Date: 24 February 1878

Lord & Taylor's Millinery

Full Article

THE FISHERY DISPUTES.; NEWFOUNDLAND ACCOUNTS OF THE DESTRUCTION OF AMERICAN FISHING NETS.

Date: 23 February 1878

Full Article